Biotech has been in practice to some degree for thousands of years, from ancient agriculture to early brewing, spanning centuries in between. The industry itself began merely decades ago, but technological advances have provided opportunities for our societies to grow, and the study and implementation of biotechnology is no exception. Public and private companies continue to support the research and advancement of biotech tools and products for food, medicine, and more.
Pharmacogenomics is a newer field of study in biotechnology and pharmacology, which “seeks to determine how a patient’s genetic profile affects his/her responses to particular medicines,” according to Amgen, a leader of biotech research. This will lead to a better understanding of the effects of test drugs in patients, based on genetic factors and abnormalities.
Relatedly, biomedicine is growing in leaps and bounds. Biologic medicines for over 250 diseases and 300 cancer-related conditions are currently in production reports the Biotechnology Industry Organization. More than 200 biomedicines have already been approved in recent years, and the industry continues to research treatments for terrible issues like cancer, Alzheimer’s, and AIDS.
Following national trends towards sustainable development, biotechnological research through BIO and other organizations is being used “to slow the use of nonrenewable resources, such as oil and mineral ores, to allow time for substitutes to be found and to avoid using renewable resources, such as water, soil and trees, faster than they are replenished.” The use of biofuels and agricultural biotech are aimed at working towards a more self-sustaining society through science.
In what many might consider a page from a science fiction novel, DARPA’s Biological Technologies Office is claiming research towards artificial intelligence, robotic aircrafts, and more “programs [that] operate across a wide range of scales, from individual cells to complex biological systems including mammalian and non-mammalian organisms and the macro- and micro-environments in which they operate.”
Biotechnology is leading the future across all fields of humanity. Keep up to date with the newest innovations and advancing applications and the experts in the fields. The future is within our reach.